COP 21: 2015 Paris Climate Conference
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On Monday, November the 30th starts the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21/CMP11), also known as the 2015 Paris Climate Conference.
This Conference is crucial because it must result in an international climate agreement enabling us to limit global warming to below 2°C.
It will be necessary to reach a certain number of decisions in December 2015, building on the work carried out at COP20 in Lima:
- Firstly, an ambitious, binding agreement on climate change that applies to all countries.
- Secondly, intended national determined contributions (iNDC) representing the investment that each country feels able to make. Climate finance will also be a crucial component; in this regard, a milestone has been reached with the initial capitalization of the Green Climate Fund, amounting to $9.3 billion, including nearly $1 billion from France.
- Lastly, local and regional initiatives developed by local governments, civil society organizations and businesses will boost mobilization and supplement the contributions made by states.